What is Chandrayaan2?
Chandrayaan 2 is an Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) lunar mission. Which is composed of an orbiter and a lander (Vikram) carrying a rover (Pragyan). This mission launched on 15th of July 2019 at 02:51 IST local time. The main intention of Chandrayaan 2 is to soft-land on the lunar surface. To operate a robotic rover (Pragyan) on the moon’s surface. To find all the required information about the Moon.
Why did Chandrayaan2 launch?
This mission was launched for many purpose like preparation of the 3D map of the moon surface which will determine the surface of the moon whether it is plane or not, to determine the capability of soft landing on the moon surface, to operate a robotic rover on the surface, to study the water ice in the south polar region of the moon’s surface, for searching rare earth materials, scope of mining for future, rocket fuel center for future deep space program etc.
Process from Launching to communication break:
On 22nd of July, the chandrayaan-2 by launched by the India’s Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV MkIII-M1).
This spacecraft started its journey towards the moon from the earth’s orbit on 14th of August. After that on 20th of August, it successfully entered into the lunar orbit. And later with the help of this mission, ISRO released the first image of the moon.
On 2nd of September, the Lander (Vikram) was successfully separated from the orbiter. Today all eyes were on the Lander (Vikram) and Rower (Pragyan) as India attempted a soft landing on the lunar surface on 7th of September.
On 7th of September, India attempted to make a soft landing on to the lunar surface. However, lander (Vikram) missed the primary landing site because visuals went missing.
ISRO chief K Sivan sir said that communication from Vikram lander was lost but the data is still being analysed.
If India succeeds, it would be the fourth country in the world to land on the moon’s surface after the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), US and China.
About Lander (Vikram):
The word Vikram named after the name of the father of Indian space program Vikram Sarabhai. This Vikram was designed to execute a soft landing on the moon’s surface to function for one lunar day which is equivalent to about 14 days on the Earth.
About Rover (Pragyan):
The robotic vehicle Rower Pragyan whose meaning is wisdom in Sanskrit language. It has capacity to travel up to 500 meters around the Lander on the moon’s surface. And it takes solar energy for its functioning. The word Chandrayaan means ”moon vehicle” in Sanskrit language.
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